The question of how to differentiate efforts fairly has always been central and controversial in UN climate negotiations. The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Kyoto Protocol, and the Paris Agreement include different formulations and compromises relating to the distribution of efforts between parties. In a new study published in Climate Policy, we […]Read More Fairness in the Eyes of Parties to the Paris Agreement: What Explains Divergences?
Understanding the role of materials in the supply chain can give us a truer picture of global emissions, as well as increased efficiency and reduced costs. The EU’s ‘Hidden’ Carbon Footprint An 80-95% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions produced within the EU by 2050 from 1990 may sound impressive, but it is not the whole […]Read More Living in a Material World: A Win-Win for Improving Energy Efficiency?
The surge in transnational governance schemes led by non-state actors can be traced back to the incipient globalisation that followed the liberalisation of trade markets in the mid-1970s. These schemes provide public goods, thus complementing – and sometimes replacing – traditional, state actor-led governance schemes. A diverse set of reasons move non-state actors to engage […]Read More Non-State Actors are Here to Stay, but Delivery Mechanisms Need Improvement
Can the international trade system be a catalyst for reforming fossil fuel subsidies (FFS) to help relieve the burden on the public purse, reduce local and global air pollution, improve energy security and tackle climate change? This was the theme of a recent workshop set at the World Trade Organization (WTO) in Geneva and organised […]Read More Five Ways to Address Fossil Fuel Subsidies through the WTO and International Trade Agreements
The question whether countries can be held liable for climate change damages has become an important issue in the UN climate negotiations. The discussion currently revolves around fairness in the light of historical responsibility and possibilities how to finance effective loss and damage. In a new paper published this week in Climate Policy, we argue […]Read More Liability for Loss and Damage from Climate Change
As the curtains closed on the 22nd Conference of the Parties (COP22) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Marrakech in November 2016, we can soon analyse how much media attention it raised. One could imagine that the unprecedented speed of ratification of the Paris Agreement leading to its entry into […]Read More Read All About It!? Media, Accountability and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change
As the 22nd session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 22) in Marrakech draws to a close, it is becoming increasingly clear that credible monitoring and transparency procedures are urgently needed. Otherwise national pledges to address climate change in the spirit of the 2015 Paris Agreement will not build sufficient global trust. The 2015 […]Read More Lessons from European Climate Monitoring Crucial for Paris Agreement Success
A new Special Issue of the Climate Policy Journal focuses on the governance of European climate change efforts. Drawing on the insights, Michael Grubb and Kacper Szulecki argue that a huge opportunity could be grasped in the form of a New Energy Union. The outcome of the UK’s referendum illustrates the need for it to […]Read More What Next for Building an EU Energy Union?
All 36 countries that committed to emission caps under the Kyoto Protocol on climate change complied with their commitments, according to a scientific study by Igor Shishlov and others published today in the Climate Policy Journal, which uses the final data for national greenhouse gas emissions and exchanges in carbon credits (which only became available […]Read More Kyoto Protocol Countries Achieved Full Compliance with Targets
As the first climate change negotiations after December’s landmark Paris Agreement open in Bonn this week, controversies around levels of funding for poorer countries to fight climate change may re-emerge. The absence of internationally-agreed accounting rules for climate finance makes it harder to establish whether promises are being met and which countries are doing their part. Most debates […]Read More Climate Finance: Time to Know Who Gives What